Bilal Butt is an associate professor at the School of Natural Resources and Environment and a faculty affiliate of the African Studies Center. Bilal is a people-environment geographer with regional specialization in sub-Saharan Africa and technical expertise in geospatial technologies (GPS, GIS & Remote Sensing), ecological monitoring and social-scientific appraisals.
Dr. Butt's general research interests lie at the intersection of the natural and social sciences to answer questions of how people and wildlife are coping with, and adapting to changing climates, livelihoods and ecologies in arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa. His current projects investigate: (1) the spatiality of livelihood strategies (resource access and utilization) among pastoral peoples under regimes of increasing climatic variability and uncertainty; (2) the nature of the relationships between wildlife and livestock in dry land pastoral ecosystems of East Africa; (3) violent and non-violent conflicts over natural resources, and; (4) how mobile information technologies such as cell phones influence natural resource management strategies among pastoral peoples in dry lands.
Butt, B. and Turner, M. (2012) "Clarifying Competition: The Case of Wildlife and Pastoral Livestock in East Africa." Pastoralism: Research, Policy, Practice 2(9) doi:10.1186/2041-7136-2-9 (Open Access Article)
Butt, B. (2012) "Commoditizing the Safari and Making Space for Conflict: Place, Identity and Parks in East Africa." Political Geography 31(2:) 104-113 doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2011.11.002
Butt, B. Turner, M. Singh, A. & L. Brottem. (2011) Use of MODIS NDVI to Evaluate Changing Latitudinal Gradients of Rangeland Phenology in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(12): 3367-3376 doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.08.001
Butt, B. (2011) Coping with uncertainty and variability: The influence of protected areas on pastoral herding strategies. Human Ecology 39(3): 289-307 doi:10.1007/s10745-011-9399-6
Butt, B. (2010) Pastoral resource access and utilization: quantifying the spatial and temporal relationships between livestock mobility, density and biomass availability in southern Kenya. Land Degradation and Development 21(6): 520-539 doi:10.1002/ldr.989
Butt, B. (2010) Seasonal space-time dynamics of cattle behavior and mobility among Maasai pastoralists in semi-arid Kenya. Journal of Arid Environments 74(3): 403-413 doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.09.025
Butt, B. Shortridge, A. and A. WinklerPrins. (2009) Pastoral herd management, drought coping strategies, and cattle mobility in Southern Kenya. Annals of the Association of American GeographersÂ 99(2): 309-334 doi:10.1080/00045600802685895